This study offers a complete compilation of all presidential uses of the Antiquities Act from 1906 to the present. The compilation can be browsed by year or by president, using the sections labelled “The Monuments” or “The Presidents.”

This study also offers links to searchable, online, full-text proclamation documents. Proclamation document links will be added as new records become available.

For more about the study, please click here

About the Author

Westernlabs is a public lands research organization headed by Kurt Angersbach.

For more about the author, please click here

Other media:










This study benefited directly from conversations with Jeanne Nienaber Clarke (Professor Emerita of Political Science and Renewable Natural Resources, University of Arizona), Elizabeth A. Shanahan (Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, Montana State University, Bozeman), John T. Woolley (Professor, Department of Political Science, University of California, Santa Barbara), Alma Ripps (Chief of the Office of Policy, National Park Service, Washington, D.C.), Carl Rountree (Bureau of Land Management, Director, Office of National Landscape Conservation System and Community Programs, Washington, D.C.), Jason Waanders, (Department of the Interior, Solicitor, Washington, D.C.), and Albert C. Lin (Professor of Law, University of California, Davis, School of Law).

The development of this web site benefited directly from the encouragement and ideas of Eric K. Austin (Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, Montana State University, Bozeman).

Thanks sincerely to the individuals at the Library of Congress (Washington, D.C.), KEXP.org (Seattle, WA), and Peet’s Coffee. Opinions, omissions, and errors are mine.


~~  Fair Use is encouraged! Text and Images © Kurt Angersbach / Westernlabs  ~~


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