2015 has been a busy year already. Opening with H.R. 1068 and its effect on the Antiquities Act (more about that legislation here), along with the kick-off campaign for the Santa Cruz Redwoods National Monument featuring speaker Bruce Babbitt (more about that event here), followed later in February by the establishment of three new national monuments: Browns Canyon National Monument, established via Proclamation 9232 on February 19, 2015, Pullman National Monument, established via Proclamation 9233 on February 19, 2015, and Honouliuli National Monument, established via Proclamation 9234 on February 24, 2015.
2014 was a busy year as well, with a steady current of national monument news, and several notable examples of presidential use of the Antiquities Act, including the establishment of the Organ Mountains – Desert Peaks National Monument on May 21, 2014, and the San Gabriel Mountains National Monument on October 10, 2014, along with the enlargement of the California Coastal National Monument on March 11, 2014, and the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument on September 25, 2014.
Sources for current national monument and Antiquities Act information include traditional media outlets, social media channels, as well as numerous government agencies.
National Monument managers include the National Park Service, the U.S. Forest Service, the Bureau of Land Management, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service .
One reasonably current media channel for national monument and Antiquities Act information is available via Twitter and can be found at this address: @monumentsmatter
The National Park Service has many outstanding web sites describing national monument and Antiquities Act proclamations. One site, developed for the centennial of the Act (1906-2006), is located here.
A link to an article about national monuments and presidential use of the Antiquities Act, written by Jeanne Nienaber Clarke and Kurt Angersbach, can be found at “One Hundred Years of National Monuments” via Society May/June 2006. (Free to member institutions. Hard copy in libraries. My apologies to others for the access requirements.)
National Monument Sizes: Comparing and Converting Figures
One square mile = 640 acres
One square mile = 2.58999 square kilometers
One square kilometer = 247.105 acres
One square kilometer = 0.386102 square miles
1 square nautical mile = 1.32429334 square miles
Examples of Online Documents
The following links are examples of the Monuments Matter site manager’s test of WordPress options for providing in-text links. The first link goes to the official proclamation file and metadata page for a recent presidential use of the Antiquities Act, as provided by the US Government Printing Office:
The second link, a basic URL, goes to a full-text PDF White House document titled: “Remarks on Signing a Proclamation Regarding Boundary Enlargement of the California Coastal National Monument,” which is dated March 11, 2014
More Antiquities Act and national monument documents, web sites, and resources, including the works of Ronald F. Lee, Hal Rothman, Mark Squillace, and others, will be provided on these pages in the future, so please check back.